No one knows
for certain where hypnosis originated from, however it is known that the
ancient Egyptians used some form of hypnosis in their dream temples.
Some paintings from Egypt depict a sleeping person with others around
them making hypnotic passes over them
reference to hypnosis in Egyptian times exists in Column 16 of the CE
Demotic Magical Papyrus, which was discovered in the 19th century in
Thebes. This papyrus contains instructions for the preparation of a lamp
to be used in a hypnotic ritual.
"you take a boy and sit him upon another new brick,
his face being turned to the lamp and you close his eyes and recite
these things which are written above down into the boy's head, seven
times. You make him open his eyes. You say to him: 'Do you see the
light?' When he says to you, 'I see the light in the flame of the
lamp', you cry at that moment, saying 'Heoue' nine times. You ask him
concerning everything that you wish.
Source: Hidden Depths - The story of hypnosis by Robin
An Egyptian Dream Temple
Franz Anton Mesmer
An Austrian doctor, Franz
Anton Mesmer, discovered that he could cure people of different diseases
without medicine or surgery. Mesmer believed in a magnetic force which
could regulate the flow of magnetic fluids, producing a cure. In many
cases this was successful and his practice of healing became known as
treated both the rich and the poor, for the less well off, he
"magnetized" a tree and hung ribbons from it to allow his followers to
receive his magnetic therapy.
Mesmer also used to fill a large tub with water,
containing bottles of iron filings. Protruding from this tub were iron
rods which people held onto. Many patients had seizures or fell into
deep sleep which could cure many ailments.
famous especially in Paris,
Marie Antoinette asked the French government to offer him a life pension
and enough money to set up a clinic. Mesmer did not allow the French
government to supervise the clinic and in 1784 the king of France
appointed a commission to investigate Mesmerism.
many reports of people being cured of ailments, the report concluded
that animal magnetism and the magnetic field were figments of the
imagination and Mesmer's practices and theories were debunked.
demonstrating "animal magnetism"
ideas and practices led James Braid to coin the term and develop the
procedure known as
HYPNOSIS (derived from the
Greek word Hypnos, God of Sleep), Braid's work became prominent in 1842.
Braid is popularly known as the "Father of Modern Hypnotism".
discounted Mesmer's theory of magnetism causing hypnosis and
attributed the "mesmeric trance" to more of a physiological process,
being prolonged attention on a bright moving object or an object of
fixation. He claimed that this method would cause fatigue in certain
parts of the brain and caused a trance or "nervous sleep"
originally called the procedure neuro-hypnosis, then believing sleep to
be involved, changed this to hypnosis. Later, realizing that sleep was
not involved he tried to rename the process monoideaism,
by then the term hypnosis had stuck!
He noticed that
during a hypnotic state called catalepsy, the subjects limbs might be
placed in any position and would remain there.
that there was no fluid or exterior agent, but that hypnotism was due to
a physiological condition of the nerves. He believed that hypnotic sleep
was brought about by fatigue of the eyelids or by influences wholly
within the subject.
hypnotism to treat both psychological and physical conditions. Whilst
Braid was practicing his work, James Esdiale performed a number of
surgical operations in India using hypnotic suggestion for anesthesia.
demonstration of catalepsy
American civil war
the first medical application of hypnosis was used by doctors in the
In 1892, the
British Medical Association endorsed the use of Hypnosis for therapeutic
use, rejecting Mesmer's theory of animal magnetism. Even though the BMA
recognized the validity of hypnosis, medical schools and universities
still largely avoided the subject.
In 1952 the
Hypnotism Act was introduced in the UK, this was to allow the
government the ability to regulate public demonstrations for the use of
hypnosis as stage entertainment. On April 23rd 1955, the BMA approved
the use of hypnosis in the areas of pain management in childbirth and
devised many different ideas and techniques surrounding hypnosis. His
style is often referred to as Ericksonian Hypnosis and still influences
many modern schools of hypnosis.
believed that the unconscious mind was always listening. He believed
that, regardless of the customer being in a trance or not, suggestions
could be made which would have a hypnotic influence as long as these
suggestions found some resonance at an unconscious level.
believed that trances were a common, everyday thing. He likened it to
waiting for a bus or reading, listening, zoning out when exercising.
When someone does this they often become immersed in that activity and
go into a trance like state, removing or disassociating themselves from
other stimuli. These trances are so common that we never regard them as
was born in California in 1913. He has long been regarded as the "Dean
of American hypnotists", he became interested in magic at a young age
and took up hypnosis in 1927. He is the author of the "bible" of stage
hypnosis - Encyclopedia of Genuine Stage Hypnotism. McGill continued to
lecture right up until a few days before he died in 2005.
McGill was also
an accomplished stage hypnotist, performing as Dr Zomb. He was also a
skilled hypnotherapist and an avid student of Eastern mysticism.
modern world trances are evident whenever attention is fixated with a
question, experience of something unusual or anything that holds a
tend to gaze off into the distance, they look to the left or right
depending on which cerebral hemisphere they use the most. They get that
faraway or blank look.
eyes will close, their bodies tense and stiff (catalepsy), reflexes
become suppressed (swallowing, respiration), other changes, loss of
hunger, raising of heartbeat all manifest themselves physically. Once
that person has searched their subconscious mind to try and re-stabilize
their reality orientation then all normal functions resume.
Kev Bee Hypnotic Experience, volunteers are asked to join him on stage
and within minutes they will become hypnotised, after which the
knowledge of the art of hypnosis, Kev Bee will access his volunteers
subconscious minds and make their imaginations come alive!
always, and will always interest people and this show not only
entertains but educates your guests. Kev Bee is happy to speak to people
after the show about the abilities and benefits of hypnosis and discuss
how it can help individuals.